Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016

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Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016
Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016
The first Prius went on sale in Japan in 1997 and placed in four Toyota dealerships in Japan are available, it is to make the first hybrid vehicle to be mass produced. It was introduced in 2000. Prius worldwide, more than 90 markets sold for the most important market, with Japan and the United States. Cumulative global sales of the Prius sedan reached the milestone of 1 million vehicles in May 2008, 2 million in September 2010 and gave 3 million in June 2013. The cumulative sales of 1 million Prius is the United States until early April 2011, reaching, and reaching number 1 million in Japan 2011th August

In 2011, Toyota has expanded the Prius family, the Prius v, Prius c hatchback and prolonged, take a subcompact sedan. The production version of the Prius Plug-in Hybrid released the second generation of plug-in version of the Prius in 2012. The first program until the end of 2016. Toyota expects that the first will be awarded to the highest miles per gallon we shall be equivalent (MPGe) rating in all-electric mode , each plug-in hybrid avialble market. global sales of the Prius c variants exceeded 1 million for the first half of 2015. The Prius family is about the cumulative sales of 5.2 million units worldwide in July 2015 represented 65.4% of the 8 million hybrids worldwide since 1997 sold by Toyota.

Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016
Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016

Etymology and terminology
Prius is the Latin word "first", "original" or "higher" means. After Toyota, the name was chosen because the Prius was launched before environmental awareness became the dominant social issues.

In February 2011, Toyota has asked the public about what should be the correct plural form of Prius made the choice, including Prien, Prii, Prium, Prius or Priuses.The company said "will use the best choice in their advertising community" and announced on February 20 that "Prii" is the most popular choice, and a plural noun a new official. In Latin prius single comparison neutral (first in, first, prius) only comparative and superlative adjectives (superlatives being primus first, primum). Therefore, since every word slump third in Latin plural is Priora (see declination Latin), used by Lada Priora 2007.

Although the "official" plural Toyota "Prius" fixed form good English and it is the plural form of the most frequently used.

Since September 2011, Toyota following names starting with the Prius original multiple newest member of the Prius family to differentiate states, states: it has become the standard Prius Liftback Prius, Prius v (known α Prius in Japan and Prius + in Europe), plug-in hybrid Prius and Prius C (called the Toyota Aqua in Japan).

Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016
Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016

The first generation (XW10; 1997-2003)
In 1995, Toyota hybrid concept car debuted at the Tokyo Motor Show, followed by consideration of a year later. The first Prius, the model NHW10, sold December 10, 1997. It is only available in Japan, although it has been imported privately, at least in the United States, Britain, Australia and New Zealand.

The first-generation Prius, at its launch, the series's first gasoline-electric hybrid in the world is. When launched in 1997, won the Car of the Year in Japan, and in 1998 won the Automotive Researchers' and Journalists Car of the Year Conference in Japan.

UK sales of the first-generation Prius began October 19, 2000

Production is at the Motomachi plant was added in December 1997 at the Takaoka Plant in Toyota, Aichi, in February 2000, according to cumulative production of 37 425 end vehicles.Production May 2000 again in the same area before production XW10 in June 2003 ended after 33 411 other vehicles produced.

The designers NHW10 Prius in California appears the selected style studio picture, another Toyota design competition.

Toyota Prius hybrid (USA)
In NHW11 US Prius first went on sale. Prius was marketed between the smaller and larger Camry Corolla. The selling price of the car was issued US $ 19.995. The NHW11 Prius became more powerful partly to satisfy the higher speeds and longer distances, lead America. Air conditioning and power steering are standard equipment. Hybrid vehicles are mass produced both in the US market, according to Honda's two-seat bigger place Insight.While Prius five, the limited battery her cargo space.

EPA (CARB) classified, the car with the air pollution score of 3 to 10 as an Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV). Prius owner is found. for a $ 2,000 federal tax deduction from their gross income does not like NW10 said Toyota executives that the company with sales of the Prius NHW11 financially damaged.

Sales in Europe have started in September 2000. The official launch of the Prius in Australia at the Sydney Motor Show in October 2001, but sales were slow until the model NHW20 (XW20) arrived. Toyota has sold more than 123,000 first-generation Prius.

Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016
Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016

Second generation (XW20; 2003-2009)
Presented at the International Auto Show in New York in 2003, US 2004 model year, the Prius has been completely redesigned. E 'is to increase the midsize sedan, sized between the Corolla and Camry, with the interior space and distributed significant mechanical legs and rear luggage space. The new Prius is even more environmentally friendly than its predecessor (after EPA), and 6 inches (150 mm) longer than the previous version. Its long slender body Kammback balance and wind resistance, so that the drag coefficient Cd development = 0.26.The effort, led by chief engineer Shigeyuki Hori, led to 530 patents for the vehicle.

Production in August 2003 at the Tsutsumi plant in Toyota, Aichi, completed in October 2004, with Fujimatsu facility in Kariya, Aichi.

Prius using the A / C compressor for all-electric cooler, an industry first. In combination with a smaller and lighter NiMH battery, it is a powerful and effective than XW10 XW20. In the United States, in 2004 and later model battery is 150,000 miles (240,000 km) or 10 years the country is justified that the emissions control standards that are stricter than California introduced, and 100,000 miles (160,000 km) or 8 years elsewhere. The warranty for hybrid components is 100,000 miles (160,000 km) or 8 years old.

Toyota Prius hatchback (Japan)
E 'is classified as a SULEV (Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle) and certified by the California Air Resources Board as "Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emission Vehicle" (AT-PZEV).

From 2005 to 2009, the second generation Prius in Changchun FAW-Toyota has been built for the Chinese market. It was reported that a total of 2152 Prius in 2006 and 414 in 2007. This relatively low sales due to higher selling prices, about $ 15,000 more than the equivalent in Japan or the United States, imported parts caused by high tariffs. In March 2008, Toyota has lowered the price of the Prius eight percent, or $ 3,000 US at CN ¥ 259.800 (36,500 US $). It is assumed that the store is reduced because of a lack of acceptance and increased competition. Honda Civic Hybrid have been exported to China from 2007 Toyota Prius second sold more than 1,192,000 worldwide.

Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016
Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016

The third generation (XW30; 2009-2015)
Toyota debuted the new Prius (2010 US model year) in January 2009 North American International Auto Show and went on sale in Japan May 18, 2009 Toyota has lowered the price of the Prius from ¥ 2,331,000 to ¥ 2,050,000 to better compete with the Honda Insight, that few, if an increase in sales of the Prius at the expense of sales of other vehicles can come with higher margins to wonder. Competition from cheaper hybrids like the Honda Insight, is to exploit the success is difficult to Toyota's Prius. Since June 2013, Toyota has sold more than 1.688 million third-generation Prius worldwide.

When launched in 2009, he won car of the year in Japan for the second time.

The new body design is more aerodynamic, with a low drag coefficient of Cd = 0.25. This figure is disputed by General Motors, which has found a value for the model with 17-inch wheels to about 0.30 blowers GM, Ford and Chrysler based on the evidence. Car and driver were measured in the third generation Prius at 0:26 in the private sector held a 5-road tests in the wind tunnel a similar car. A tail substructure contributes to stabilize the vehicle at high speed. [Edit]

The level of estimated fuel efficiency, combined-cycle US EPA used, it is 50 mpg-US (4.7 L / 100 km; 60 mpg-imp). Prius is the most efficient car powered by liquid fuel available in 2009 in the United States, according to the official assessment. Only the first generation Honda Insight (2000-2006) equipped with a manual transmission allows lower consumption. Data UK on official fuel consumption for the Prius T3 City 72.4 mpg imp (3.90 l / 100 km, 60.3 mpg US), 76.4 mpg imp Extra City (3.70 l / 100 km, 63, 6 mpg US) combined 72.4 mpg imp (3.90 l / 100 km, 60.3 mpg US).

generating a 1.8 liter gasoline engine (previously 1.5 liters) 98 HP (73 kW) and with additional power from the electric motor generates a total of 134 hp (100 kW) (previously 110 hp or 82 kW). Increased capacity allows more torque, the engine speed (RPM), which increases the speed of highway fuel consumption. Thanks to the electric pump, the motor vehicles production Prius is the first customer that requires no accessory belts, which also continued to improve fuel economy. electric motors and other components of the hybrid transmission that is smaller and more efficient than the industry average. Toyota believes that the new inverter, the motor and transmission 20 percent lighter.

Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016

The fourth generation (XW50 2015-present)
The fourth generation of the Prius was shown for the first time in September 2015 Las Vegas, and has been for private customers in Japan in December 2015. The introduction in the North American market is expected to be released in January 2016 and in February Europe.Toyota expected 12,000 sell four cars generation Prius in Japan a month, and annual sales of 300,000 and 350,000 units through.

In August 2013, Toyota CEO Satoshi Ogiso, chief engineer is on the line Prius are some improvements and the main features of the next-generation Prius. The next Prius is the first car in the Toyota New Global Architecture (tnga) using a modular platform that provides the lower and above the center of gravity of structural rigidity. These features, and other improvements that allow profit knee and handling, agility and aerodynamics. improved aerodynamics contribute to the new exterior design that features spacious interiors. Ogiso said that the next generation of the Prius Plug-in hybrid, the Prius First, it was developed in parallel with the standard Prius model.

Generation Prius developed, significantly improving fuel economy in a compact package to provide that the cost of lighter weight and lower. This objective is achieved through the development of new generation technology of the drive system with significant advances in batteries, gasoline engine and electric motor. The next Prius has increased battery with high energy density; small electric motors with higher power density compared to the previous Prius engine; and the thermal efficiency of the gasoline engine more than 40% (third-generation Prius is 38.5%). Prius fuel consumption by about 10% of each generation, media improvements, and Toyota has the challenge to continue to improve at this level.
Under the Japanese test expects fourth-generation Toyota Prius fuel economy rating 40.8 km / l to achieve (IMP-115 mpg; 96 mpg-US). 2016 years of formal economic model Prius 54 mpg-US EPA fuel (4.4 l / 100 km; 65 mpg-imp) for the city, 50 mpg-US (4.7 L / 100 km; 60 -mpg imp) in highway and 52 mpg US (4.5 l / 100 km; 62 mpg-imp) for the attack. Version of the new Eco two rules means quality, lithium-ion battery, the official listing of EPA's 58 mpg-US (4.1 L / 100 km, 70 mpg-imp) in the city, 53 mpg-US (4 4 L / 100 km; 64 mpg -imp) highway and 53 mpg US (4.4 L / 100 km; 64 mpg-imp) combined. This increased efficiency is mainly due to the low weight of the Eco, which is equipped with a battery that is lighter and does not carry spare tires.

Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016
Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016

Prius family
Prius Plug-in Hybrid (ZVW35) based on the classic third generation (ZVW30) battery with 4.4 kWh lithium-ion battery that allows a wide range of all-electric of 23 km (14.3 miles). A global demonstration program with 600 pre-production test car started at the end of 2009 and is found in Japan, Europe, Canada, China, Australia, New Zealand and the United States.

Toyota Prius First, Second, Third, Fourth Generation and Next Up to 2016 The production version was unveiled in September 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show. Deliveries began in late January 2012 was followed in Japan for a limited deployment in the United States in late February. European deliveries start in June 2012 and the UK in August 2012. In his first year on the market, had worldwide sales of 27 181 Prius PHV, plug-in Prius PHV second best-selling car power in 2012 after the Chevrolet Volt to do. In December 2015, about 75,000 units have been sold worldwide. The market leader in the US with 42 293 units delivered until December 2015, followed by Japan with 21.657 units sold in July 2015 and delivered in Europe, with 10.371 units in December 2015 to the end of 2015, overall in the plug-in Prius Plug-selling hybrid third / volt vehicle Ampera family in the world, and the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV. Production of the first generation Prius Plug-in was completed in June 2015.
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